Джак Уедърфорд (на английски: Jack Weatherford) е американски учен (антрополог, политолог, монголист, етнограф) и автор на научна и популярна литература.

Джак Уедърфорд
Роден
Професия антрополог, етнограф, писател
Националност Флаг на САЩ САЩ
Жанр антропология, етнография

Кратка биографияРедактиране

Той е най-голямото от 7 деца в семейството на Алфред Грег Уедърфорд и Анна Рут в Колумбия, Южна Каролина. Поради професията на бащата – сержант в армията на САЩ, семейството се мести често в разни градове. Сега Уедърфорд пътува между Монголия и Южна Каролина, където живее семейството му.

Завършва Университета на Южна Каролина през 1967 г. с бакалавърска степен по политология. Получава магистърска степен по социология от Университета на Южна Каролина (1972) и по антропология (1973). Защитава докторска степен по антропология в Калифорнийски университет, Сан Диего през 1977 г. Продължава с постдокторски труд по политически изследвания в Института по политически науки на университета „Дюк“.

Бил е професор по антропология в частния хуманитарен Колеж Макалистър в Сейнт Пол в щата Минесота. Професор Уедърфорд има прояви също в радио и телевизионни предавания в областта на политологията.

Най-известен е с книгата си „Чингиз хан и създаването на съвременния свят“. Неговата книга „История на парите“ (Crown Publishers) е избрана за книга на месеца от „Book of the Month Club“. Книгата му „История на парите“ е преведена на български от преводача Боян Дамянов.

Книгите на Джак Уедърфорд печелят наградата на Минесота през 1989 и 1992 г. Получава награда от Американската антропологическа асоциация (1992) и наградата на масмедиите на Националната конференция „Общество и правосъдие“ (1994).

От края на XX век изучава и публикува материали по културата и историята на Монголия, за което получава високо признание от тази страна. През 2006 г. е награден с Ордена на Полярната звезда – най-високото отличие за чужденци в Монголия. Удостоен с почетна заповед от Министерството на външните работи на Монголия и медал от президента на Монголия през 2010 г.

ПубликацииРедактиране

КнигиРедактиране

  • 2010 The Secret History of the Mongol Queens: How the Daughters of Genghis Khan Rescued His Empire. Crown[1]
  • 2004 Genghis Khan and the Making of the Modern World. New York: Crown Publishers
  • 1997 История на парите. (The History of Money) New York: Crown Publishers. Paperback edition: New York: Three Rivers Press (1998). German Edition: Zurich, Switzerland: Conzett Verlag Spanish Edition: Santiago, Chile: Andres Bello Editorial (1999) Swedish Edition: Stockholm, Sweden: Leander & Malmsten (1998). Chinese Edition: Hong Kong: Business Weekly Press. (1998) Portuguese Edition: São Paulo, Brazil: Publico-alvo (1999).
  • 1994 Savages and Civilization: Who Will Survive? New York: Crown Publishers. Paperback edition: New York: Ballantine (1995).
  • 1991 Native Roots: How the Indians Enriched America. New York: Crown Publishers. Paperback edition: New York: Ballantine, 1992.
  • 1988 Indian Givers: How the Indians of the Americas Transformed the World. New York: Crown Books. Paperback edition: New York: Ballantine, 1989.
    • Gli Indiani Ci Hanno Dato Italian edition: Milan: Ugo Mursia Editore SpA., 1993.
    • Ce Que Nous Devons Aux Indiens D'Amerique French edition: Paris: Albin Michel Publishers, 1993.
    • Das Erbe der Indiander: Wie die neue Welt Europa verdndert hat. German edition: Munich: Eugen Diederichs Verlag, 1995.
    • Japanese Edition: Tokyo: Papyrus Publishers, 1996.
    • Spanish Edition: Spanish edition: Santiago, Chile: Andres Bello Editorial
  • 1987 Narcoticos en Bolivia y los Estados Unidos. La Paz, Bolivia: Los Amigos del Libro.
  • 1986 Porn Row. New York: Arbor House. Japanese edition: Tokyo: Kousaido Shuppan, 1989.
  • 1981 Tribes on the Hill. New York: Rawson-Wade (Scribners). Revised editions: South Hadley, Massachusetts: Bergin & Garvey, 1985.

СтатииРедактиране

  • 2010 "The Wrestler Princess", Lapham's Quarterly[2]
  • 2006 "Restoring Order: Conquering Iraq in the 13th and 21st Centuries. Could Genghis Khan teach the US?" [1], The Asia-Pacific Journal: Japan Focus, January 7, 2006. The Los Angeles Times, December 29, 2006.
  • 2005 "The Women Who Ruled the Mongol Empire", Globalist Document – Global History, June 20, 2005
  • 2000 "Peniaze a pad Rmmskej rm?e," OS: Fsrum Ob ianskej Spolo nosti, Bratislava, Slovakia, June.
  • 2000 "A Scholarly Quest to Understand Genghis Khan," The Chronicle of Higher Education. April 14, page B10. Also serialized in The Mongol Messenger April – 26 May 3, 2000.
  • 2000 "Blood on the Steppes: Ethnicity, Power, and Conflict in Central Asia," Conformity and Conflict, James P. Spradley & David W. McCurdy (ed.), Boston: Little, Brown.
  • 1998 "Our Money, Our Selves," Anthropology Newsletter, April.
  • 1997 "Money and Change in World Perspective," General Anthropology, III-2, Spring.
  • 1996 "Impact of American Indian Civilizations on Europe and the World," The Encyclopedia of the American Indian, Frederick E. Hoxie (ed.). Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company.
  • 1994 "Cultural Chaos and the Crisis of Civilization," Anthropology Newsletter, October.
  • 1994 "Kinship and Power on Capitol Hill," Conformity and Conflict, James P. Spradley & David W. McCurdy (editors), Boston: Little, Brown & Co.
  • 1994 "Producing a Trade Book," Media Anthropology: Informing Global Citizens, Susan L. Allen (editor). Westport, CT: Bergin & Garvey.
  • 1993 "Cultural Castaways," Icarus, Summer, 11.
  • 1993 "Tribal Politics in Washington," Political and Legal Anthropology Review. Vol 16, # 1.
  • 1992 "Wie die Indianer die Welt verdnderten," Entwicklung, Nr. 37, July.
  • 1991 "Indian Season in American Schools," The Social Studies.
  • 1987 "Cocaine and the economic deterioration of Bolivia," Conformity and Conflict, James P. Spradley & David W. McCurdy (editors), Boston: Little, Brown & Co.
  • 1987 "Big Men on Capitol Hill," Conformity and Conflict, James P. Spradley & David W. McCurdy (editors), Boston: Little, Brown & Co.
  • 1987 "Language in Political Anthropology," Power and Discourse, Leah Kedar (editor), Norwood, New Jersey: Ablex Publishers.
  • 1987 "Tribes on the Hill: Kinship and Politics in the United States Congress," Cultural Anthropology, Serena Nanda, Belmont, California: Wadsworth Publishing.
  • 1986 "Die Zerr|ttung Boliviens durch Kokain," Freibeuter 28.
  • 1986 "The Clans on Capitol Hill," Contemporary Cultural Anthropology, Michael D. Howard, Boston: Little, Brown & Co.
  • 1982 "Kongresskultur," Freibeuter, 12. Berlin, Germany.
  • 1981 "Labor and domestic life cycles in a German community," Dimensions of an Anthropology of Aging, Christine L. Fry (editor), South Hadley, Mass: Bergin & Garvey.
  • 1980 "Life Cycle and the American Family," Public Policy and the American Family, Z.I. Giraldo. Massachusetts: Lexington Books (D.C. Heath & Co.).
  • 1980 "Age ethnicity in the American Family," with Carol Stack in Families and Older Persons, George L. Maddox, Illene C. Seigler & Dan Blazer (editors). Duke University: Center for the Study of Aging and Human Development.
  • 1980 "Millennium of Modernization," Village Viability in Contemporary Society, P.C. Reining & Barbara Lenkerd (editors). AAAS Volume 31, Boulder, Colorado: Westview.
  • 1978 "Deutsche Kultur, amerikanish betrachtet," Deutschland: Das Kind mit zwei Kvpfen, Hans C. Buch (editor), Berlin: Klaus Wagenbach Verlag. Reprint: Wahre Wohnung – Ware Wohnung, Bauvk-Papiere # 40, Institut f|r Bauvkonomie, Univ. Stuttgart, 1982.
  • 1975 "Anthropology and Nannies," Man: Royal Anthropological Society. Vol 10. No. 2, June.

РецензииРедактиране

  • 1998 New Worlds for All: Indians, Europeans, and the Remaking of Early America By Colin G. Calloway. The William and Mary Quarterly.
  • 1997 Hamilton's Blessing: The Extraordinary Life and Times of Our National Debt by John Steele Gordon. Civilization, February, 1997.
  • 1996 O Brave new Words! Native American Loanwords in Current English, by Charles L. Cutler. Plains Anthropologist, May.
  • 1992 In the Spirit of the Earth: Rethinking History and Time by Calvin Martin Luther. Hungry Mind Review, Winter.
  • 1991 Culture and Truth: The Remaking of Social Analysis, by Renato Rosaldo. Native American Quarterly.
  • 1991 District Leaders by Rachel Sady. American Anthropologist, Vol 93, #3, September.
  • 1989 The Hold Life Has: Coca and Cultural Identity in an Andean Community by Catherine Allen. Anthropological Quarterly.
  • 1989 Cocaine: White Gold Rush in Peru by Edmundo Morales. Anthropologica. 31:1.
  • 1986 "Political birds of Guatemala," Hungry Mind Review, I.

ДругиРедактиране

  • 1999 "Mongolerna ? svker sin plats i vdrldsekonomin," Dolly, April.
  • 1999 "The Mongols from the Silk Route to Cyberspace," Udriin Sonin. Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia, May 4.
  • 1998 "Cash in a Cul-De-Sac," Discover. October, 19, 10.
  • 1998 "Euron redan gammalmodig ndr pengarna blir digitala,". (The Euro will already be out dated when cash goes digital.) Stockholm, Sweden: Dolly. August I, 1.
  • 1998 "Let Common Cents Prevail on Wall Street," The Wall Street Journal, March 26.
  • 1998 "Money Talks. Here's What It Says About Us," Washington Post. January 4.
  • 1997 "How Rome built a new ballpark," Star Tribune. Feb 9. "The Plastic curtain," The Washington Post, Feb 18. "Dump Bronze Age bucks for electronic money,: USA Today, April 24.
  • 1994 "Tribal people could teach us civilization," St. Paul Pioneer Press. Mar 17.
  • 1994 "US policy on rights hypocritical," Boston Herald, Feb 15.
  • 1994 "Captain Cook's Legacy," Los Angeles Times, January 18.
  • 1994 "What a year for the Natives," Minneapolis Star Tribune, January 21.
  • 1992 "The Grand Exchange Map," (Senior Consultant), National Geographic, February.
  • 1992 "Among the Gifts of Native America," Native Peoples, Fall.
  • 1992 "A Veterans Day salute to dreams deferred, San Francisco Examiner, November 9.
  • 1992 "Religious Freedom still eludes Native Americans," Star Tribune, Feb 20.
  • 1991 "Preserving our nation's past to protect its future," The Miami Herald, Sunday April 14.
  • 1990 "Image and Idea in Nonfiction," A View from the Loft, Vol 13, #2. September.
  • 1989 "Thanksgiving Menu Subject to Change," Detroit News, November 23, 1989.
  • 1989 "Honoring Columbus honors legacy of slave-trading, genocide," St. Paul Pioneer Press Dispatch, Oct. 10; Baltimore Sun, Oct. 6, Toronto Sun, Oct 12.
  • 1989 "The real drug war is in the U.S.," Atlanta Constitution, Sept. 27.
  • 1989 "Indians and the 4th." The Evening Sun, Baltimore, July 4.
  • 1988 "The World Owes a Debt to the Indian Givers," Detroit News Nov. 24. Also published as "American Indians were the World's Greatest Farmers," In Cleveland Plain Dealer, November 24, 1988.
  • 1981 "Capitol Hill Clans," The New York Times, Sunday, December 13.
  • 1981 "Playing tribal politics in Congress," Rocky Mountain News, Denver, Colorado. Dec 6.

ИзточнициРедактиране

Външни препраткиРедактиране