Хуауей: Разлика между версии

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'''Хуауей Дзишу Юсян Гунси''' ({{lang|zh|华为技术有限公司}}, {{IPA|[xʷáːwə́i tɕìːʂʷùː jə̌uɕæ̀nkʷūŋsz̩̄ː]}}; {{lang|en|Huawei Technologies Co. Ltd.}}) или '''Хуавей''' е китайска [[международна корпорация]], най-големият производител на [[комуникационна техника]] в света, с най-голяма продажба на мобилни [[смартфони]] в света (2020). Базирана е в [[Шънджън]], [[Китай]].
 
Основана е през [[1987]] г. от [[Жън Джънфей]] – бивш инженер от Народно-освободителната армия на Китай. Първоначално фокусирана върху производството на [[телефон]]ни [[комутатор]]и, Хуавей разширява своя бизнес, като включва изграждане на телекомуникационни мрежи, предоставяне на оперативни и консултантски услуги и оборудване на предприятия в и извън Китай и производство на комуникационни устройства за потребителския пазар. <ref name="CSIS">{{Cite news |last=Ahrens |first=Nathaniel |date=February 2013 |title=China's Competitiveness Myth, Reality, and Lessons for the United States and Japan. Case Study: Huawei |publisher=Center for Strategic and International Studies |url=http://csis.org/files/publication/130215_competitiveness_Huawei_casestudy_Web.pdf |url-status=live |accessdate=3 October 2014 |archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20150213062809/http://csis.org/files/publication/130215_competitiveness_Huawei_casestudy_Web.pdf |archive-datearchivedate=13 February 2015 |df=dmy-all}}</ref><ref name="Computerworld">{{Cite web |last=Shukla |first=Anuradha |date=18 April 2011 |title=Huawei maintained steady growth in 2010 |url=http://news.idg.no/cw/art.cfm?id=2A72801F-1A64-67EA-E484130BD34FD158 |url-status=dead |archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20110420180647/http://news.idg.no/cw/art.cfm?id=2A72801F-1A64-67EA-E484130BD34FD158 |archive-datearchivedate=20 April 2011 |accessdate=14 June 2011 |website=[[Computerworld]] |publisher=[[IDG Communications]] |df=dmy-all }} {{Webarchive|url=https://web.archive.org/web/20110420180647/http://news.idg.no/cw/art.cfm?id=2A72801F-1A64-67EA-E484130BD34FD158 |date=2011-04-20 }}</ref> Към декември 2019 г. Хуауей има над 194 000 служители. <ref name="auto9">{{Cite news |date=1 December 2019 |title=Corporate Introduction – Who Is Huawei? |work=Huawei |url=https://www.huawei.com/en/about-huawei/corporate-information |url-status=live |accessdate=6 January 2020 |archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20200119023531/https://www.huawei.com/en/about-huawei/corporate-information |archive-datearchivedate=19 January 2020 |df=dmy-all}}</ref>
 
Компанията доставя своите продукти и услуги в повече от 170 страни. <ref>{{Cite news |last=Vance |first=Ashlee |last2=Einhorn |first2=Bruce |date=15 September 2011 |title=At Huawei, Matt Bross Tries to Ease U.S. Security Fears |work=Bloomberg BusinessWeek |url=http://www.businessweek.com/magazine/at-huawei-matt-bross-tries-to-ease-us-security-fears-09152011.html |url-status=live |accessdate=28 September 2011 |archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20110924051143/http://www.businessweek.com/magazine/at-huawei-matt-bross-tries-to-ease-us-security-fears-09152011.html |archive-datearchivedate=24 September 2011 |df=dmy-all}}</ref> Хуавей изпреварва [[Ericsson]] през 2012 г. като най-големия производител на телекомуникационно оборудване в света <ref name="Economist">{{Cite news |date=3 August 2012 |title=Who's afraid of Huawei? |work=The Economist |url=http://www.economist.com/node/21559922 |url-status=live |accessdate=15 November 2018 |archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20120803025128/http://www.economist.com/node/21559922 |archive-datearchivedate=3 August 2012 |quote=Huawei has just overtaken Sweden's Ericsson to become the world's largest telecoms-equipment-maker. |df=dmy-all}}</ref>, и изпреварва [[Apple]] през 2018 г. като втория по големина производител на смартфони в света, след [[Samsung Electronics]] <ref>{{Cite news |last=Gibbs |first=Samuel |date=1 August 2018 |title=Huawei beats Apple to become second-largest smartphone maker |work=The Guardian |url=https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2018/aug/01/huawei-beats-apple-smartphone-manufacturer-samsung-iphone |url-status=live |accessdate=1 August 2018 |archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20180801143248/https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2018/aug/01/huawei-beats-apple-smartphone-manufacturer-samsung-iphone |archive-datearchivedate=1 August 2018 |df=dmy-all}}</ref>, въпреки ограниченията на търговията със САЩ. През декември 2019 г. Хуауей съобщава, че годишните ѝ приходи са се увеличили до 121 млрд. и 720 млн. долара през 2019 г., а общият собствен капитал е 42 млрд. и 316 млн. долара. <ref>{{Cite web |title=Huawei expects 'eventful' 2018 to deliver $108.5bn in revenue |url=https://www.techradar.com/news/huawei-expects-eventful-2018-to-deliver-dollar1085bn-in-revenue |url-status=live |archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20190129122937/https://www.techradar.com/news/huawei-expects-eventful-2018-to-deliver-dollar1085bn-in-revenue |archive-datearchivedate=29 January 2019 |accessdate=6 January 2020 |website=Reuters |df=dmy-all}}</ref>
 
През юли 2020 г. Хуавей надминава Samsung и Apple, като първи път да се превръща във водещата марка за мобилни [[смартфони]] в света, главно поради спада в глобалните продажби на Samsung през второто тримесечие на 2020 г. поради въздействието на пандемията COVID-19. <ref name="Business">{{Cite web |last=Business |first=Sherisse Pham, CNN |title=Samsung slump makes Huawei the world's biggest smartphone brand for the first time, report says |url=https://www.cnn.com/2020/07/30/tech/huawei-samsung-q2-hnk-intl/index.html |accessdate=2020-07-30 |website=CNN}}</ref><ref>{{Cite web |last=Kharpal |first=Arjun |date=2020-07-30 |title=Huawei overtakes Samsung to be No. 1 smartphone player in the world thanks to China as overseas sales drop |url=https://www.cnbc.com/2020/07/30/huawei-overtakes-samsung-to-be-no-1-smartphone-maker-thanks-to-china.html |accessdate=2020-07-30 |website=CNBC |language=en}}</ref><ref>{{Cite web |title=Huawei Beats Samsung, Apple in Smartphones Shipments in Q2: Canalys |url=https://gadgets.ndtv.com/mobiles/news/huawei-tops-samsung-for-first-time-in-global-smartphone-shipments-in-q2-2020-canalys-2271176 |accessdate=2020-07-30 |website=NDTV Gadgets 360 |language=en}}</ref>