Разлика между версии на „Император“

редакция без резюме
'''PPPPUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUTTTIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIINNNN!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!PPPPUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUTTTIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIINNNN!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!PPPPUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUTTTIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIINNNN!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!PPPPUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUTTTIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIINNNN!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!PPPPUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUTTTIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIINNNN!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!PPPPUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUTTTIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIINNNN!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!PPPPUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUTTTIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIINNNN!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!PPPPUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUTTTIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIINNNN!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!PPPPUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUTTTIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIINNNN!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!PPPPUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUTTTIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIINNNN!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!PPPPUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUTTTIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIINNNN!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!PPPPUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUTTTIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIINNNN!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!PPPPUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUTTTIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIINNNN!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!PPPPUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUTTTIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIINNNN!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!PPPPUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUTTTIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIINNNN!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!PPPPUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUTTTIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIINNNN!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!PPPPUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUTTTIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIINNNN!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!PPPPUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUTTTIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIINNNN!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!PPPPUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUTTTIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIINNNN!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!PPPPUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUTTTIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIINNNN!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!PPPPUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUTTTIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIINNNN!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!PPPPUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUTTTIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIINNNN!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!PPPPUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUTTTIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIINNNN!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!PPPPUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUTTTIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIINNNN!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!PPPPUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUTTTIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIINNNN!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!PPPPUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUTTTIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIINNNN!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!PPPPUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUTTTIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIINNNN!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!PPPPUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUTTTIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIINNNN!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!PPPPUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUTTTIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIINNNN!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!PPPPUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUTTTIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIINNNN!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!PPPPUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUTTTIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIINNNN!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!PPPPUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUTTTIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIINNNN!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!PPPPUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUTTTIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIINNNN!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!PPPPUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUTTTIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIINNNN!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!PPPPUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUTTTIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIINNNN!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!PPPPUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUTTTIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIINNNN!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!PPPPUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUTTTIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIINNNN!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!PPPPUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUTTTIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIINNNN!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!PPPPUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUTTTIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIINNNN!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!PPPPUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUTTTIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIINNNN!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!PPPPUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUTTTIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIINNNN!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!PPPPUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUTTTIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIINNNN!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!PPPPUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUTTTIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIINNNN!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!PPPPUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUTTTIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIINNNN!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!''' '''Императорът''' е [[монарх]] и [[суверенитет|суверенен]] владетел на [[империя]]. Женската форма на титлата е '''императрица''' и може да се отнася както за съпругата на императора, така и за жена, която действително е монарх. През Средновековието в Западна Европа императорът на Свещената Римска империя е по-висшестоящ от [[крал]]ете.
'''Императорът''' е [[монарх]] и [[суверенитет|суверенен]] владетел на [[империя]]. Женската форма на титлата е '''императрица''' и може да се отнася както за съпругата на императора, така и за жена, която действително е монарх. През Средновековието в Западна Европа императорът на Свещената Римска империя е по-висшестоящ от [[крал]]ете.
 
Думата ''император'' идва от [[латински език|латинското]] ''imperator'' (буквално - „подготвящ срещу“; по-общо - „пълководец“). Първоначално това е най-високата военна длъжност в [[Древен Рим|древния Рим]], приблизително отговаряща на [[пълководец]], но постепенно започва да се използва за владетелите на Римската империя. По-късно така са титулувани някои от владетелите в [[Западна Европа]], както и във [[Византия|Източната Римска империя (Византия)]], [[България]], [[Русия]], [[Африка]], [[Азия]].
== Разграничение между ''император'' и други видове монарси ==
 
Владетелите на отделните държави през Средновековието се подреждали в една своего рода строга йерархична структура. На върха на пирамидата стоял римският император, впоследствие - неговите приемници: василевсът на ромеите и императорът на Свещената римска империя. През Х в. владетелите на България също заявили претенции да се титулуват "императори" или царе, тъй като старобългарската дума "цар" (> Caesar, Цезар) обозначаваоbbbбозначава именно владетелят на Източната Римска империя (Византия). Признание за тази титла било търсено именно от империята.
 
И [[крал]]ят, и императорът са монарси. Няма ясно правило, което разграничава единия от другия. Върху това влияят различни фактори, като интерпретациите на историците, размерът и характерът на управляваната държава, титлата, избрана от монарха. Някои характеристики, показващи, че монархът трябва да се смята по-скоро за император, отколкото за крал, включват:
Анонимен потребител