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Тази статия представлява списък на [[списък на страните|страните в света]] според техния [[брутен вътрешен продукт]] (БВП) по номинална стойност. Това е сумата от всички стоки и услуги, създадени в рамките на [[държава]]та за дадената година. Стойността на тази сума е конвертирана по пазарни цени в [[щатски долар]]и.
Първата колона включва данни за 20082016 г. за членове на [[МВФ|Международния валутен фонд]], за които е налична информация. <!--Данните са в милиони щатски долари. Тези данни не включват следните народи (което все пак може да бъде включен в Световната банка или ЦРУ обяви): Сомалия, Куба, Северна Корея, Зимбабве, Туркменистан, няколко малки държави в Европа (Андора, Монако, Сан Марино, Лихтенщайн, Ватикана Сити) и Тихоокеанския басейн (Палау, Маршалските острови, Микронезия, Науру, Тувалу) или зависимости (Гренландия).--> Втората колона представя даннипрогнози на Световната банка за 20082017 г., а третата колона включва прогнозиданни за 20082015 г. от [[CIA World Factbook]].
<!--This article includes a '''list of [[List of countries|countries of the world]] sorted by their [[gross domestic product]] (GDP)''', the market value of all final goods and services from a nation in a given year. The GDP dollar estimates presented here are calculated at market or government official exchange rates.
{{Актуализиране-раздел|данни от английската уикипедия за БВП за 2009 или направо данни от МВФ за 2010}}
{{Периодично актуализиране-раздел|дата_актуализация =20 август 2009}}
{{pp-protect|small=yesse dmy dates|date=July 2016}}
Please update [[List of countries by past GDP (nominal)]] with the historical data.
[[File:World share of nominal GDP IMF WEO 2015.png|thumb|300px|alt=A pie chart displaying the world's seven largest economies—the United States, the European Union, China, Japan, India, Brazil, and Canada.|The United States, the world's largest economy, accounts for approximately 25 percent of [[gross world product|world GDP]], and the seven largest economies, including the European Union, account for 75 percent of the total.]]
Gross domestic product (GDP) is the [[market value]] of all final goods and services from a nation in a given year.<ref>{{cite web | url=http://www.investopedia.com/ask/answers/199.asp | title=What is GDP and why is it so important? | publisher=[[IAC/InterActiveCorp]] | work=[[Investopedia]] | date=26 February 2009 | accessdate=23 May 2016}}</ref> Countries are sorted by nominal [[GDP]] estimates from financial and statistical institutions, which are calculated at market or government official [[exchange rate]]s. Nominal GDP does not take into account differences in the [[cost of living]] in different countries, and the results can vary greatly from one year to another based on fluctuations in the [[exchange rate]]s of the country's [[currency]].<ref>{{cite web | url=http://economics.about.com/cs/money/a/purchasingpower.htm | title=A Beginner's Guide to Purchasing Power Parity Theory | publisher=[[IAC (company)|IAC/InterActiveCorp]] | work=[[About.com]] | accessdate=31 May 2014 | author=Moffatt, Mike}}</ref> Such fluctuations may change a country's ranking from one year to the next, even though they often make little or no difference in the standard of living of its population.<ref>{{cite web | url=http://www.nber.org/chapters/c8616.pdf | title=Economic Growth and Real Exchange Rate: An Overview of the Balassa-Samuelson Hypothesis in Asia | publisher=[[National Bureau of Economic Research]] | work=Changes in Exchange Rates in Rapidly Development Countries: Theory, Practice, and Policy Issues | date=January 1999 | accessdate=23 May 2016 | author1=[[Takatoshi Ito|Ito, Takatoshi]] | author2=Isard, Peter | author3= Symansky, Steven}}</ref>
Comparisons of national wealth are also frequently made on the basis of [[purchasing power parity]] (PPP), to adjust for differences in the cost of living in different countries. PPP largely removes the exchange rate problem, but has its own drawbacks; it does not reflect the value of economic output in [[international trade]], and it also requires more estimation than nominal GDP.<ref>{{cite web | url=http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/fandd/basics/ppp.htm | title=Purchasing Power Parity: Weights Matter | publisher=[[International Monetary Fund]] | work=[[Finance & Development]] | date=28 March 2012 | accessdate=30 May 2014 | author=Callen, Tim}}</ref> On the whole, PPP per capita figures are less spread than nominal GDP per capita figures.<ref>{{cite web | url=http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/fandd/basics/gdp.htm | title=Gross Domestic Product: An Economy’s All | publisher=[[International Monetary Fund]] | work=[[Finance & Development]] | date=28 March 2012 | accessdate=31 May 2014 | author=Callen, Tim}}</ref>
The [[Economy of the United States|United States]] is the world's largest economy with a GDP of approximately $18.56 trillion, notably due to [[List of countries by GDP (PPP) per capita|high average incomes]], [[List of countries by population|a large population]],<ref>{{cite web | url=http://www.npr.org/sections/money/2012/05/30/153950742/the-worlds-richest-countries-and-biggest-economies-in-2-graphics | title=The World's Richest Countries and Biggest Economies, In 2 Graphics | publisher=[[National Public Radio]] | work=[[Planet Money]] | date=30 May 2012 | accessdate=4 June 2014 | author=Vo, Lam Thuy}}</ref> capital investment, moderate [[unemployment rate|unemployment]],<ref>{{cite web | url=https://www.clevelandfed.org/newsroom-and-events/publications/economic-trends/2012-economic-trends/et-20120405-an-elusive-relation-between-unemployment-and-gdp-growth-okuns-law.aspx | title=An Elusive Relation Between Unemployment and GDP Growth: Okun’s Law | publisher=[[Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland]] | work=Economic Trends | date=5 April 2012 | accessdate=3 June 2016 | author=Burgen, Emily et. al.}}</ref> high consumer spending,<ref>{{cite web | url=http://smallbusiness.chron.com/importance-consumer-spending-3882.html | title=The Importance of Consumer Spending | publisher=[[Hearst Corporation]] | work=[[Houston Chronicle]] | accessdate=4 June 2014 | author=Vitez, Osmond}}</ref> a relatively young population,<ref>{{cite web | url=http://www.blackrockblog.com/2014/05/16/america-youthful-relative-basis/ | title=America The Youthful? Yes, On a Relative Basis | publisher=[[BlackRock]] | date=16 May 2014 | accessdate=4 June 2014 | author=Koesterich, Russ}}</ref> and technological innovation.<ref>{{cite web | url=http://www.bea.gov/about/pdf/measuring_innovations_role_in_gdp_and_productivity_growth.pdf | title=The Multi-Factor Productivity Residual | publisher=[[Bureau of Economic Analysis]] | work=Measuring Innovation’s Role in GDP & Productivity Growth | date=11 February 2008 | accessdate=4 June 2014 | author=Landefeld, J. Steven}}</ref> [[Economy of Tuvalu|Tuvalu]] is the world's smallest national economy with a GDP of about $32 million because of its very small population, a lack of natural resources, reliance on foreign aid, negligible [[capital investment]], demographic problems, and low average incomes.<ref>{{cite web | url=http://eeas.europa.eu/delegations/fiji/countries_focus/tuvalu/index_en.htm | title=Tuvalu | publisher=[[European Commission]] | work=[[Europa (web portal)|Europa]] | date=17 February 2012 | accessdate=2 June 2016}}</ref>
Although the [[List of IMF ranked countries by past and projected GDP (nominal)|rankings of national economies]] have changed considerably over time, the United States has maintained its top position since the [[Gilded Age]], a time period in which its economy saw rapid expansion, surpassing the [[British Empire]] and [[Qing dynasty]] in aggregate output.<ref>{{cite web | url=http://fortune.com/2014/10/05/most-powerful-economic-empires-of-all-time/ | title=5 Most Powerful Economic Empires of All Time | publisher=[[Time, Inc.]] | work=[[Fortune (magazine)|Fortune]] | date=5 October 2014 | accessdate=23 May 2016 | author=Matthews, Chris}}</ref><ref name="ChinaKnow">{{cite book | url=https://books.google.com/books?id=cPa9CwAAQBAJ&printsec=frontcover&source=gbs_ge_summary_r&cad=0#v=onepage&q&f=false | title=China's Economy: What Everyone Needs to Know | publisher=[[Oxford University Press]] | author=Kroeber, Arthur R. | year=2016 | location=[[New York City|New York]], [[United States]]}}</ref> Since China's [[Chinese economic reform|transition to a market-based economy]] through privatisation and deregulation,<ref>{{cite web | url=https://books.google.com/books?id=mDS0GW7FH_0C&printsec=frontcover&source=gbs_ge_summary_r&cad=0#v=onepage&q&f=false | title=China in the Era of Deng Xiaoping: A Decade of Reform | publisher=[[Taylor & Francis]] | work=Studies on Contemporary China | date=30 September 1993 | accessdate=23 May 2016 | author=Kau, Michael Ying-mao}}</ref><ref>{{cite web | url=https://www.imf.org/EXTERNAL/PUBS/FT/ISSUES8/issue8.pdf | title=Why Is China Growing So Fast? | publisher=[[International Monetary Fund]] | work=Economic Issues | date=April 1997 | accessdate=26 May 2016 | author1=Hu, Zuliu | author2=Khan, Mohsin S.}}</ref> the country has seen its ranking increase from ninth in 1978 to second to only the United States in 2016 as economic growth accelerated and its share of global nominal GDP surged from 2% in 1980 to 15% in 2016.<ref name="ChinaKnow" /><ref name="GDP IMF" /> India has also experienced a similar economic boom since the implementation of [[Economic liberalisation in India|neoliberal reforms]] in the early 1990s.<ref>{{cite web | url=http://www.nber.org/papers/w10376.pdf | title=From "Hindu Growth" to Productivity Surge: The Mystery of the Indian Growth Transition | publisher=[[National Bureau of Economic Research]] | date=March 2004 | accessdate=23 March 2016 | author=[[Dani Rodrik|Rodrik, Dani]]|display-authors=etal}}</ref> When [[supranational union|supranational entities]] are included, the [[European Union]] is the second largest economy in the world. It was the largest from 2004, [[2004 enlargement of the European Union|when ten countries joined the union]],<ref>{{cite web | url=http://ec.europa.eu/economy_finance/international/enlargement/economics/index_en.htm | title=The economics of enlargement | publisher=[[European Commission]] | work=[[Europa (web portal)|Europa]] | date=30 October 2010 | accessdate=26 May 2016}}</ref> to 2014, after which it was surpassed by the United States.<ref name="IMF Groups" />
The first list largely includes data compiled by the [[International Monetary Fund]]'s [[World Economic Outlook]] for 2016, the second list shows the [[World Bank]]'s 2015 estimates, the third list includes data compiled by the [[United Nations Statistics Division]] for 2013, and the fourth list includes mostly 2015 estimates from the ''[[The World Factbook]]'' by the [[Central Intelligence Agency]]. Several economies which are not considered to be countries (the world, the European Union, and some [[dependent territories]]) are included in the lists because they appear in the sources as distinct economies. These economies are italicized and not ranked in the charts, but are listed where applicable.
== Lists ==
Click on one of the headings to re-order the list according to that category.