Разлика между версии на „Вино“

редакция без резюме
(→‎Потребление: Fix: водещ интервал в препратка редактирано с AWB)
Етикети: Редакция чрез мобилно устройство Редакция чрез мобилно приложение
Най-ранните известни вина са произведени в [[Китай]]<ref name="Castro-Sowinski">{{cite book|last1=Castro-Sowinski|first1=Susana|title=Microbial Models: From Environmental to Industrial Sustainability|date=17 November 2016|publisher=Springer|isbn=9789811025556|page=42|url=https://books.google.com/books?id=hdqGDQAAQBAJ&pg=PA42&dq=wine+7000+bc+%22grape+wine%22&hl=en&sa=X&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=wine%207000%20bc%20%22grape%20wine%22&f=false}}</ref><ref name="Hames">{{cite book|last1=Hames|first1=Gina|title=Alcohol in World History|date=2010|publisher=Routledge|isbn=9781317548706|page=17|url=https://books.google.com/books?id=XPNTBAAAQBAJ&pg=PA17&dq=%22grape+wine%22+7000&hl=nl&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjwp7KGl_rTAhWCL1AKHSNlCBIQ6AEIOjAC#v=onepage&q=%22grape%20wine%22%207000&f=false}}</ref><ref name="McGovern">[https://www.penn.museum/sites/biomoleculararchaeology/?page_id=247]. Prehistoric China - The Wonders That Were Jiahu The World’s Earliest Fermented Beverage. Professor Patrick McGovern the Scientific Director of the Biomolecular Archaeology Project for Cuisine, Fermented Beverages, and Health at the University of Pennsylvania Museum in Philadelphia. Retrieved on 3 January 2017.</ref>, [[Иран]]<ref name=indie>{{cite news |first=Amy |last=Ellsworth|title=7,000 Year-old Wine Jar |url=http://www.penn.museum/blog/collection/125th-anniversary-object-of-the-day/7000-year-old-wine-jar-object-of-the-day-24/ |publisher=[[University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology]] |date=18 July 2012}}</ref><ref name=archaeology96>{{cite journal |first=Mark |last=Berkowitz |title=World's Earliest Wine |url=http://www.archaeology.org/9609/newsbriefs/wine.html |publisher=[[Archaeological Institute of America]] |journal=[[Archaeology (magazine)|Archaeology]]|volume=49 |issue=5 |year=1996}}</ref>, [[Армения]]<ref name="Oldest Wine Armenia">{{cite web|title=National Geographic: Earliest Known Winery Found in Armenian Cave|url=http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2011/01/110111-oldest-wine-press-making-winery-armenia-science-ucla/|date=12 January 2011}}</ref><ref name="IOAUCLA">{{cite web|url=http://www.ioa.ucla.edu/publications/backdirt/backdirt-2011/Backdirt%202011.pdf|title=UCLA Cotsen Institute of Archaeology|publisher=}}</ref><ref name="BAC per Drink tables">{{cite web|title=BAC per Drink tables|url=http://attorneydwi.com/bacperdrink.html}}</ref><ref name="Effects At Specific B.A.C. Levels">{{cite web|title=Effects At Specific B.A.C. Levels|url=http://www.brad21.org/effects_at_specific_bac.html}}</ref><ref>{{Cite web|url=http://www.aicr.org/press/health-features/health-talk/2014/mar14/wine-serving-size.html|title=wine-serving-size|website=American Institute for Cancer Research|access-date=2016-12-13}}</ref> и [[Грузия]]<ref name=independent8k>{{cite news |first=David |last=Keys |title=Now that's what you call a real vintage: professor unearths 8,000-year-old wine |url=http://www.independent.co.uk/news/science/now-thats-what-you-call-a-real-vintage-professor-unearths-8000yearold-wine-84179.html |work=[[The Independent]] |date=28 December 2003}}</ref><ref>{{cite news|title=Evidence of ancient wine found in Georgia a vintage quaffed some 6,000 years BC|url=http://www.euronews.com/2015/05/21/evidence-of-ancient-wine-found-in-georgia-a-vintage-quaffed-some-6000-years-bc/|accessdate=24 May 2015|agency=Euronews|date=21 May 2015}}</ref><ref>[http://www.npr.org/sections/thesalt/2015/06/08/412039092/georgias-giant-clay-pots-hold-an-8-000-year-old-secret-to-great-wine/ Georgia's Giant Clay Pots Hold An 8,000-Year-Old Secret To Great Wine], [[NPR]].</ref>. Основната цел на винопроизводителите е да получат напитка, която съчетава приятни и интересни вкусови качества с [[обоняние|обонятелни]] характеристики. Дегустаторите са развили специална лексика, за характеризиране на качествата на вината. В характеристиките на едно вино може да се срещнат изрази като „виното е кръгло“ или „в дългия послевкус доминират тонове на сушени плодове, дим и кожа“.
 
Виното играе важна роля и в [[религия]]та. Червеното вино е отъждествявано с кръв в [[Древен Египет]]<ref>{{cite web | url = http://penelope.uchicago.edu/Thayer/E/Roman/Texts/Plutarch/Moralia/Isis_and_Osiris*/A.html | title = Isis & Osiris | publisher = University of Chicago}}</ref>, а гърците и римляните го използват при Вакханалия. В християнската и юдейската религия хляб и вино са символ на тплототоплината и кръвта на Исус Христос.
 
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