Разлика между версии на „Ангелокастро (Корфу)“

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[[Файл:Angelokastro view from the battlements.jpg|мини|260px|Подходът към крепостта - изглед от крепостната стена.]]
'''Ангелокастро''' ({{Lang|el|Αγγελόκαστρο }}; {{Lang-|vec|Castel Sant'Angelo}}) е епирска, византийска, неаполитанска и венецианска крепост на остров [[Корфу]]. <ref name=Stamatopoulos>{{cite book|last=Stamatopoulos|first=Nondas|title=Old Corfu: history and culture |year=1993 |publisher=N. Stamatopoulos|url=https://books.google.ca/books?id=6m0-AQAAIAAJ&q=Angelocastro&dq=Angelocastro&hl=en&ei=TJuwTvzvCur00gHmhNy-AQ&sa=X&oi|edition=3|quote=On a precipitous rocky peak dominating a wide range of coastline around Palaeokastritsa stand the crumbling walls and battlements of the twelfth-century Byzantine Fortress of Angelokastro, not far from the village of Krini. (p. 163) [...] After a siege lasting a year the invaders were finally driven away by the defenders of the fortress who were helped by the inhabitants of the neighbouring villages. Again, during the first great siege of Corfu by the Turks in 1537, Angelocastro successfully resisted attack. About 3,000 villagers had sought refuge within the fortress to escape the fate of the inhabitants of other parts of the island who were ... In 1571, when they once more invaded Corfu, the Ottomans again unsuccessfully attacked, Angelocastro, where 4,000 people had taken refuge. During the second great siege of the city by the Ottomans in 1716, Angelokastro once again served as a refuge for the...During the course of the centuries Angelocastro played an important part in the defence of the island. In 1403 a force of Genoese soldiers, under the command of the French condottiere Boucicaut, landed at Palaeokastritsa and attacked the ...The fortress existed in 1272 when it was formally taken over by the Italian Giordano di San Felice in the name of the Angevin rulers of Naples, who held the island of Corfu from 1267 to 1386. (p. 164)[...]...Angelocastro was probably built during the reign of the Byzantine Emperor Manuel Comnenos (1143 - 1180).(p. 164)[...]This was used as a hermitage and was converted into a chapel, probably around the end of the eighteenth century (p. 165)[...]From the top of Angelocastro the view sweeps far and wide over the hills across the breadth of Corfu, to the town, the Eastern Channel and the mountains on the mainland, over a sheer drop of a thousand feet to the sea below (p.325)}}</ref> Намира се на северозападното крайбрежие на острова в близост до [[Палеокастрица]] и е построена на и около изключително стръмна от всички страни скала, издигаща се на 305 m над морското равнище.
 
Ангелокастро е най-важното укрепление на остров Корфу, благодарение на което острова остава единствената балканска територия непопадала под османска власт. [[Акропол]]ът на крепостта е и стратегически наблюдателен пункт към морския път свързващ [[Адриатика]] със [[Средиземноморие]]то. В този смисъл бил от ключово значение за [[Венецианската република]].
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