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* {{cite web | publisher = BBC | work = bbc.co.uk | year = 2015 | title = The Empire of Mali, In Our Time – BBC Radio 4 | url = http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/b06kgggv | accessdate = 29 октомври 2015 | lang = en | lang-icon = yes }}
* {{cite web | publisher = Fsmitha.com | year = 2007 | work = Fsmitha.com | url = http://www.fsmitha.com/h3/h15-af.htm | title = African Empires to CE 1500 | date = 17 януари 2007 | accessdate = 16 септември 2009 | lang = en | lang-icon = yes }}
* {{cite journal | last = Heusch | first = Luc de | year = 1997 | title = The Symbolic Mechanisms of Sacred Kingship: Rediscovering Frazer | journal = The Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute | lang = en | lang-icon = yes }}
* {{Cite book | last = Imperato | first = Pascal James | coauthors = Gavin H. Imperato | year = 2008 | url = https://books.google.co.uk/books?id=zf6xAAAAQBAJ&pg=PA201 | title = Historical Dictionary of Mali | date = 25 април 2008 | publisher = Scarecrow Press | isbn = 9780810864023 | lang = en | lang-icon = yes }}
* {{cite book | last = Ki-Zerbo | first = Joseph | year = 1997 | title = UNESCO General History of Africa, Vol. IV, Abridged Edition: Africa from the Twelfth to the Sixteenth Century | publisher = University of California Press | lang = en | lang-icon = yes }}
* {{cite journal | last = Lange | first = Dierk | year = 1996 | title = The Almoravid expansion and the downfall of Ghana | journal = Der Islam | volume = 73 | issue = 2 | pages = 313 – 351 | lang = en | lang-icon = yes }}
* {{cite book | last = Levtzion | first = Nehemiah | coauthors = J. F. Pl Hopkins (ed.) | year = 2000 | title = Corpus of Early Arabic Sources for West African History | publisher = Marcus Wiener | location = Princeton, New Jersey | lang = en | lang-icon = yes }}
* {{cite web | last = Massing | first = A. W | year = 2007 | url = https://web.archive.org/web/20070628220805/http://etudesafricaines.revues.org/docannexe6104.html | title = The Wangara, an Old Soninke Diaspora in West Africa? | work = etudesafricaines.revues.org | publisher = etudesafricaines.revues.org | accessdate = 20 август 2017 | lang = en | lang-icon = yes }}
* {{cite book | last = Nasr | first = Seyyed Hossein | year = 2009 | title = The Heart of Islam: Enduring Values for Humanity | publisher = HarperCollins | location = New York, New York | isbn = 0061746606 | lang = en | lang-icon = yes }}
* {{cite book | last = Niane | first = D.T | year = 1975 | title = Recherches sur l'Empire du Mali au Moyen âge | publisher = Presence Africaine | location = Paris | lang = fr | lang-icon = yes }}
* {{cite book | last = Niane | first = D. T | year = 1995 | title = Sundiata: An Epic of Old Mali | publisher = Longman | lang = en | lang-icon = yes }}
* {{cite book | last = Piga | first = Adriana | year = 2003 | title = Islam et villes en Afriqe au sud du Sahara: Entre soufisme et fondamentalisme | publisher = KARTHALA Editions | lang = fr | lang-icon = yes }}
 
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